Thursday, May 21, 2020

Sigmund Freud And Erik Erikson s Theory Of Psychosexual...

2 Parental actions can influence both positive and negative developments in the personalities of children. These developments begin at birth and continue throughout the lifespan. Parenting can be difficult at times, but what one must remember is that the actions of parents in the early stages of their children’s life can be the most significant. Of all the theorists who have studied the development of personality, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson have been the most influential in explaining how parents can affect the developing personalities of their children. The works of Sigmund Freud are some of the most well-known and most criticized parts of Psychoanalytic Theory. Freud believed â€Å"that the basis for adult personality resided in the infant and his experiences† (Lazarus, 1961, p.138). Freud’s theory of psychosexual development was One of his major and controversial contributions to psychological thought†¦the psychosexual theory emphasizes the system atic changes in personality structure in childhood and links these to the development of the adult personality. It stresses the psychosexual aspect of early childhood as the central force in the formation of the personality (Lazarus, p. 146). Each stage of Freud’s theory can have either positive or negative outcomes, which are dependent upon the parenting techniques utilized during said stages. FREUD’S THEORY OF PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT 3 According to Roeckelein, Roeckelein, andShow MoreRelatedTheories And Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay1255 Words   |  6 Pages 1 Theories Theorist Tiffany Leaf Walden University Dr. Thomas Russo RSCH – 61007-6 Research Theory Life is full of many experiences and challenges which help individuals to grow and become better people. There has been tons of research to better understand how and why humans develop and grow the way they do. Among the many theories and therapist in the field of psychology, I have chosen psychosexual and psychosocial development to provide basic tenets, explainRead MoreShedding Light On Freud s Controversial Psychoanalytic Theory1525 Words   |  7 PagesPsychoanalytic Theory Krystle D. Kraft St. Johns River State College: Human Growth and Development Shedding Light on Freud’s Controversial Psychoanalytic Theory Psychoanalytic theories suggest that developmental changes happen due to the power of internal drives and emotions. Sigmund Freud, a Viennese physician, is said to be the founding father of this theory. He believed biological impulses, such as a need for food and sex, were the driving impulses for personality development (Denise BoydRead MoreErikson s Psychosocial Theory And Psychosocial Development1561 Words   |  7 PagesTheories and Theorists Theories are the building blocks of psychology. Theories whether old or new has allowed us to know what we know now. There are many theories in the field of psychology or educational psychology that are important to further understand human behavior. However, this paper will focus on only two theories which are; Erikson’s psychosocial theory and Alfred Adler’s Adlerian theory. Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development has always been a great contribution to the field of psychologyRead MoreFreud, Erikson, And Piaget : Theories Of Developmental Psychology Essay2372 Words   |  10 PagesFreud, Erikson, and Piaget: Theories in Developmental Psychology Many factors influence children’s development as well as that massive amount of development theories that elaborate on why children do certain things, why children have developmental disorders, or even why some children have developmental delays. Although there are many theories regarding children development and how they are influences, theorist make some great points in the child development but with any theory come flaws such asRead MoreSigmund Freud And Erik Erikson1110 Words   |  5 Pageswas predominantly attained by parents of children with emotional problems 70- 80 decades ago. The discontinuous psychosexual and psychosocial theory takes place in stages in one course moving through drives that are biological along with societal expectations (Berk, 2013). The contributions to this perspective include both Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Freud examined psychosexual theory and how those first childhood years of drives shape the personality. Thus, such drive names are t he id, ego, andRead MoreDifference Between Freud vs. Erikson Essay1023 Words   |  5 PagesDifference between Freud vs. Erikson ENG 121 Difference between Freud vs. Erikson In this essay, I am going to compare and contrast two famous theorists Erik Erikson and Sigmund Freud. I will be talking about each of these theorists and their famous theories of psychosocial and psychosexual, since they both are well known development theories. I will provide enough information about both and explain the differences of each, as well. First off, Freud had inspired Erickson who had theories that were inRead MoreThe Theory Of Psychoanalysis On The Unconscious Phases Of Personality Development1130 Words   |  5 PagesThe theory of Psychoanalysis In the early 1800s, Psychologist and researchers were fervent in postulating and hypothesizing. Searching earnestly for answers to the many questions that were prevalent in those days. The theory of Psychoanalysis was one of such theory that was founded. Psychoanalysis emphases on the unconscious phases of personality development. The main tenets of this theory are characterized into four subsections. Firstly, it states that early childhood experiences are important inRead MoreErik Erikson s Psychosocial Development Theory1518 Words   |  7 PagesABSTRACT This research paper will show a thorough review of Erik Erikson s Psychosocial Development Theory, specifically the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Psychosocial Development, according to Erik Erikson, is a continuity of crisis throughout our lifespan; these challenges will shape our personality and the way we perceive our surroundings. In addition to this, the different stages mentioned in this Theory complement each other and help us to develop the tools to achieve a sense ofRead MoreTheories Of Sigmund Freud And Jean Piaget1420 Words   |  6 PagesDevelopmental Theories Through Our Own Eyes Worldwide there are no two individuals who are identical in behavior or developmental traits. For many reasons, people differ physically, mentally, and emotionally. Through time, behavior has been studied developing into various theories by breaking down personality in hopes to better understand an individual’s way of conducting. To further understand how development works we will be exploring and comparing the psychological theories of three well-knownRead MoreFreuds and Eriksons Perspectives on Human Development Essay924 Words   |  4 Pagesintriguing aspects of psychology is child development, it greatly impacts the rest of our lives and ultimate helps determine who we become as an adult. From a psychoanalytical perspective there are two great theorists, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. From a Freudian perspective human development is based on psychosexual theory. From a psychosexual perspective maturation of the sex drives underlies stages of personality development (Shaffer et al., 2010). Ultimately, Freud believed that sex was the most important

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gender Stereotypes And Gender Roles - 2016 Words

While the significance of gender roles has declined in the past fifty years, they still play an integral part in our perception of others based on their gender. Gender roles create gender stereotypes that influence our view of someone and their aptitude in work and child caring. Gender stereotypes depict women as caring, compassionate, and kind; however, gender stereotypes also imply negative qualities for women such as cranky, overly emotional, and submissive. On the other hand, gender stereotypes classify men not only as dominant, assertive, and powerful, but also as aggressive, violent, and uncaring. Many people apply gender roles in how they view other’s aptitudes and responsibilities in a work or home setting, but by doing so they subconsciously discriminate against a person for his gender. Extreme Feminists focus on the discrimination and harassment women face in everyday life due to traditional gender roles and complain that â€Å"men have it so good†. However, e xtreme feminists fail to realize, due to their blind but justified hatred for traditional gender roles that supposedly benefit men, traditional gender roles disadvantage men as well. Similar to how many women fail to climb up the corporate ladder because their superiors view them as too caring and soft to hold a demanding leadership position, many people look down on men when they care for their own children considering them too tough and insensitive to take care of children properly and label their care asShow MoreRelatedGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles Essay1415 Words   |  6 PagesRoles are often assigned to boys and girls in accordance with the sex assigned at birth. We refer to these as gender roles. Gender roles begin to be imposed as early as birth. The nursery in the hospital assigns either a blue name plate for a boy or a pink name plate for a girl. These roles are continuously reinforced by family. Children learn at an early age that boys and girls are different. Children observe gender roles and in many cases these roles are eventually accepted as an unquestionableRead MoreGender Roles And Gender Stereotypes Essay1449 Words   |  6 PagesProspectus: Gender roles and gender stereotypes in advertising My position: I believe advertisements that reinforce female gender roles and stereotypes are damaging to society. 2. Non-favorable Incidents: The examination of the â€Å"Victoria’s Secret† ad for a line of undergarments labeled â€Å"The Showstopper.† The headline is â€Å"Show nothing but your shape,† and the image is a thin woman with big breasts staring seductively. The image clearly sets a tone that this is what is a stand of ideal beauty. AndRead MoreGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles954 Words   |  4 Pages Gender can be a hot topic within cultures; a male or female does not want to be told that they can or cannot do something based on their gender. Every culture views gender roles differently, and some cultures are more serious about gender than others. Many times, male and female actions are determined by what a person has been taught is right; furthermore, gender roles are a set of societal norms that are the behaviors that a sex is generally known to do and what is considered accepted of a personRead MoreGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles1241 Words   |  5 PagesWe will never be able to control how gender stereotypes are formed. Gender roles were naturally created as a result of human evolution and the different modes of living that were adopted by humans. Humans, however remain the driving force behind reinforcing gender roles and stereotypes with different mediums. Such as television, art, and writing. In order to understand how gender is portrayed in contemporary American comedy this paper will analyze the characters from the television show, It’s AlwaysRead MoreGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles1261 Words   |  6 Pagesbeen expected to act a certain way depending on their sex. These societal expectations are called gender roles. (Rathus, 2010, p.447). These roles begin to develop even before a child is even out of the womb. A mother may decorate their nursery pink if they are having a daughter because â€Å"girls like pink,† and â€Å"boys like blue.† Gender roles should not be confused with gender stereotypes. A gender stereoty pe is a narrow way of thinking about how men and woman are obligated to behave. For example, men haveRead MoreGender Roles And Gender Stereotypes1102 Words   |  5 PagesDefined Gender Roles Creating a Lack of Reality in Children’s Literature Distinction is a concept that is learned at a very young age. It is used as a tool to distinguish between race, religion, language, age and especially gender. Where certain topics regarding race and religion may be considered more taboo, the definition of gender is always open for discussion but it is not always depicted in all forms of the word. Children can feel isolated if they cannot relate to individuals they look up toRead MoreGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles1246 Words   |  5 PagesGender roles are defined as the â€Å"widely accepted societal expectations about how males and females should behave† (Rathus, 2010). From gender roles, we, the people of society, are able to determine whether someone identifies as a male or a female. Both biological and social factors tend to determine what gender roles a person takes on. However, there are also gender stereotypes, which are â€Å"the fixed and oversimplified beliefs about the ways in which men and women ought to beha ve† (Rathus, 2010).Read MoreGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles1845 Words   |  8 PagesTimes have changed; gender roles are no longer clearly defined Traditionally, gender has been defined as the state of being male or female but, recently society has begun to understand that gender is not the biological sex that you were born with but how you identify and express yourself. A persons gender can be male, female, neither, both or something completely different. People tend to see gender as black or white, or a box you can tick but gender does not have to conform to what our modern societyRead MoreGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles1389 Words   |  6 PagesGender roles are set of societal norms dictating the types of behavior which are genrally considered acceptable , appropriate for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality. Gender roles are also determined by the prevailing cultural norms. The attitudes and expectations surrounding gender roles are not typically based on any inherent or natural gender differences, but on gender stereotypes, or oversimplified notions about the attitudes, traits, and behavior patte rns of males andRead MoreGender Stereotypes And Gender Roles1076 Words   |  5 PagesGender stereotypes and gender roles are a largely contested issue in the modern world. Countries around the world have very different gender norms, though there are some recurrent patterns between many cultures. For most recurrent patterns there is a culture who does not abide by those gender norms. There is typically many good reasons for each recurrent pattern that makes sense from an evolutionary standpoint. There is also a significant difference in the way men and women are treated. This is caused

Red Badge of Courage Naturalism Free Essays

Naturalism in the Red Badge of Courage Naturalism is the belief that nature and fate is a far larger force than man. Another words, no one can control their fate because there are far larger forces than man. There were many examples of naturalism in R B O C. We will write a custom essay sample on Red Badge of Courage Naturalism or any similar topic only for you Order Now One example was on page 796 in chapter one where the union soldiers were waiting around in camp with absolutely no control over when they were going into battle. The reason this was considered naturalism is because the larger force was the generals and people in charge of the war. The soldiers could not attack the south until told to do so by there commanders. Another example that I found was when the tall soldier (Jim Conklin) dies. One of the reasons his death was so important was because it gave Henry somewhat of an understanding that war is not glorious and people die. Another reason his death was so important is because it basically tells everyone that life is unfair and even if someone such as the tall soldier is the notable soldiers in camp, when it is your time to die, you are going to die. The reason that this is an example of naturalism is because no one except god himself had control over the tall soldier’s death. The final example of naturalism is how nature completely ignores the war and what ever people are doing. In the beginning of the novel, Henry has the perception that war is glorious and will turn him into an instant hero. He had dreamed of dodging bullets, saving people, and doing things that no one else would do which is a highly romanticized version of how war really is. The reason this was thought of as a naturalistic element is because nature doesn’t care about the war, its colors are the exact same color and shades of brown, green, and other nasty colors, opposed to the colors that Henry imagined of royal blues, purples, reds, and gold’s, which hardly ever occur in nature. How to cite Red Badge of Courage Naturalism, Papers

Red Badge of Courage Naturalism Free Essays

Naturalism in the Red Badge of Courage Naturalism is the belief that nature and fate is a far larger force than man. Another words, no one can control their fate because there are far larger forces than man. There were many examples of naturalism in R B O C. We will write a custom essay sample on Red Badge of Courage Naturalism or any similar topic only for you Order Now One example was on page 796 in chapter one where the union soldiers were waiting around in camp with absolutely no control over when they were going into battle. The reason this was considered naturalism is because the larger force was the generals and people in charge of the war. The soldiers could not attack the south until told to do so by there commanders. Another example that I found was when the tall soldier (Jim Conklin) dies. One of the reasons his death was so important was because it gave Henry somewhat of an understanding that war is not glorious and people die. Another reason his death was so important is because it basically tells everyone that life is unfair and even if someone such as the tall soldier is the notable soldiers in camp, when it is your time to die, you are going to die. The reason that this is an example of naturalism is because no one except god himself had control over the tall soldier’s death. The final example of naturalism is how nature completely ignores the war and what ever people are doing. In the beginning of the novel, Henry has the perception that war is glorious and will turn him into an instant hero. He had dreamed of dodging bullets, saving people, and doing things that no one else would do which is a highly romanticized version of how war really is. The reason this was thought of as a naturalistic element is because nature doesn’t care about the war, its colors are the exact same color and shades of brown, green, and other nasty colors, opposed to the colors that Henry imagined of royal blues, purples, reds, and gold’s, which hardly ever occur in nature. How to cite Red Badge of Courage Naturalism, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

The French New Wave Essay Example For Students

The French New Wave Essay La Nouvelle Vague began with a group of 5 filmmakers who had a strong influence of film theory and criticism whilst writing for the magazine Cahiers du Cini ma. These 5 filmmakers and critics Truffaut, Godard, Chabrol, Rivette and Rohmer, changed the notion on how film could be made which came from a desire to forge a new cinema, and thus the Nouvelle Vague was born. A group of directors who collaborated and assisted one another and developed a unique sense of form and style and narrative that makes their work instantly recognisable. PHILOSOPHY Existentialism was a major influence, which evolved in France and was particularly associated with Jean Paul Sartre. It expressed the individual, stressed the experience of free choice and the absence of rational understanding. Perhaps this was the cause of so many women taking different roles to those that were pre-assigned by society. Characters were young anti heroes; loners with no family ties and they behaved spontaneously and immorally. There was much cynicism regarding politics. We will write a custom essay on The French New Wave specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now In A Bout de Souffle, the protagonist kills and shows no remorse and in Cli o de 5 i 7, the woman stops playing the roles expected of her as the woman with cancer, and instead lives dangerously. CAMERA WORK The films made by les auteurs used lightweight, hand held cameras for easy shots along the streets of Paris, which were reminiscent of many films made, such as A Bout de Souffle and Les Quatres Cents Coups. The films were shot cheaply, quickly, and effectively encouraged experimentation and improvisation which gave the directors more freedom in their work. We see a casual and very natural look; with on location filming, the mise en scene of Parisian streets, coffee bars a defining feature of works by Truffaut, Godard et al. The one and only camera that was used, was mobile, which was inventive as created many new techniques. It would follow the characters down the streets and looking over shoulders to watch surrounding life go by. In A Bout de Souffle, cini matographer Coutard was pushed around on a wheelchair to capture the fast paced love story and in Les Quatres Cents Coups, Truffaut used these hand held cameras to film Antoine on the Carousel. EDITING The style was free, free of any Hollywood rules. It was discontinuous and the directors wanted to remind the audiences that they were watching a film. There were jump cuts and the insertion of material that was non-diegetic (extraneous to the film). Godard used these jump cuts to emphases and lengthy conversation in a room, or a car driving around Paris, there were such noticeable cuts! Irrelevant Shots in the film gave a comical effect to the film. Tirez le Pianist May my mother fall dead if I am lying cut to a picture of the mother falling dead. It was casual himour, which was often inserted into the films. SOME HOLLYWOOD INFLUENCES The films reflected an interest in questioning cinema itself by drawing attention to the convention of film making set by Hollywood. The directors of La Nouvelle Vague present an alternative to Hollywood by breaking these conventions, which seemed to be limited and boring to this new era of cinema. Yet it doesnt forget to pay homage to what is good in the Hollywood Cinema. In fact, we can see how knowledgeable these critics were as they incorporated elements of the American Genre existent in Cinema into their films. Film Noir A Bout de Souffle Gangster Tirez le Pianiste Thriller Bande i Part And we see references, to particular Hollywood stars reminiscent in the films. Jean Paul Belmondo models himself on Humphrey Bogart, and we even see him stand in front of a poster of Bogart in Godards A Bout de Souffle. The actors in the film were encouraged to improvise and talk over each others lines. Before the films they were not big stars, but after, they became stars Jeanne Moreau a famous femme fatale. Her role was encouraging to female actresses and it is thanks to the New Wave directors for conforming against the social norms and giving the females a different role to play other than the dutiful wife and mother. .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 , .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .postImageUrl , .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 , .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79:hover , .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79:visited , .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79:active { border:0!important; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79:active , .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79 .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc8b8e115dc181b355f27c25d3ead9f79:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Nanotechnology in the automotive idustry EssayThe films were highly personal as we see in Truffauts Les Quatres Cents de Coups. It was seen as an autobiographical film, while still paying homage to other directors. Antoine steals a still from a cinema, of the sultry Harriet Andersson in Ingmer Bergmans Summer with Monika. Bergman was an important director to Godard and Truffaut. The ending of Les Quatre Cents Coups ends with Antoine on the beach, a freeze frame with FIN, which is contradictory because there should be more of a story to come of this young boy. There was naturally, so it should have been To be continued The French New Wave directors were highly critical of the glossy, studio bound French Cinema of the 1940s and 1950s, which is why we see so many on location films. However they did praise the works of many directors. Jean Renoir and Jean Vigo; Italian Neo-Realists Rossellini and Vittorio DeSica and Hollywood Auteurs Hitchcock and Hawks for their distinctive themes. They were a prolific group of directors who represented a radical departure from traditional cinema and they targeted a young, intellectual audience, and in turn, they celebrated an achieved critical and financial success in France and abroad. In turn, they each diverged and developed their own style and distinctive voices. Truffaut incorporated more traditional elements, which is a shame as he found such success by forging a new breed of cinema. And Godard became increasingly radical in his later days. This Wave taught so many directors of today great things, and their films remain classics today, which is as much as a success now, as it was then.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Clothespin Essay Example

Clothespin Essay Example Clothespin Essay Clothespin Essay Facilitator tells participant, You are to squeeze the clothespin as many times as you can for 1 minute using only your index finger and thumb. As you squeeze the clothespin, count how many times you are able to. With 10 seconds remaining, you will receive a warning. 2. Allow participant to begin when facilitators starts the stopwatch and says Begin. At 50 seconds, the facilitator must provide the 10 second warning saying, You have 10 seconds remaining. 3. At the end of the minute, the facilitator will take the clothespin, cord the number of clothespin squeezes, and wait 20 seconds. . At 20 seconds, the participant will do 30 jumping jacks. 5. After the 30 jumping jacks, the facilitator will give the clothespin back to the participant and will start the one minute timer. 6. Repeat steps 2 and 3 In this experiment, controlled variables include using the same clothespin, using the index finger and thumb to hold the clothespin, and all participants receiving the 10 second warning. The independent variable of the experiment is the jumping jacks performed by the participant. The dependent arable of the experiment is the number of squeezes of the clothespin in one minute. Data Collected: The data that was collected from this experiment does support the hypothesis. The hypothesis States that the participant will squeeze the clothespin fewer times after exercising because exercising takes energy, making squeezing the clothespin harder as less energy is getting to cells. Suggestions for Improvement: An error that could have occurred in this experiment is the inconsistency of how long it takes for the participant to do one jumping jack. This error is mainly based on human variety. Three additional variables that may have influenced the outcome of the experiment are age of participants, physical condition of participants, and the possibility of dropping the clothespin during the trial, causing the participant to restart the test. Suggestions for Further Research: Two other investigations that can be done are testing which arm muscle groups get fatigued while squeezing the clothespin and what exercise drains the most energy from the participant. To further support this experiments findings, the trials can be performed with a more diverse group of participants.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Flatback Sea Turtle Facts

Flatback Sea Turtle Facts Flatback turtles (Natator depressus) live primarily on the continental shelf of Australia and nest only on Australian beaches. Despite their limited range, probably less is known about this sea turtle species than the other six sea turtle species, which are more wide-ranging. Initial classification of flatback turtles led scientists to think they were related to Kemps ridley or green sea turtles, but evidence in the 1980s led scientists to determine that they were a separate, genetically distinct species. Description The flatback turtle (also called the Australian flatback) grows to about 3 feet in length and weighs about 150-200 pounds. These turtles have an olive-colored or gray carapace and pale yellow plastron (bottom shell). Their carapace is soft and often turns up at its edge. Classification Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataClass: ReptiliaOrder: TestudinesFamily: CheloniidaeGenus: NatatorSpecies: depressus (referred to as depressa in the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)) Habitat and Distribution Flatback turtles are found in the Pacific Ocean, primarily in waters off Australia and Papua New Guinea and occasionally off Indonesia. They tend to frequent relatively shallow, coastal waters less than 200 feet deep. Feeding Flatback turtles are omnivores that  feed on invertebrates such as jellyfish, sea pens, sea cucumbers, crustaceans and mollusks, and seaweed. Reproduction Flatback turtles nest along the northern coast of Australia, from Western Australia to Queensland. Males and females mate offshore. Mating often results in bites and scratches in the females soft skin, which later heal. Females come ashore to lay their eggs. They dig a nest that is about 2 feet deep and lay a clutch of 50-70 eggs at one time. They may lay eggs every 2 weeks during the nesting season and return every 2-3 years to nest. Although the egg clutch size of flatback turtles is relatively small, flatbacks lay unusually large eggs - even though they are a medium-sized turtle, their eggs are almost as big as those of the leatherback - a much larger species. The eggs weigh about 2.7 ounces. The eggs incubate for 48-66 days. The length of time depends on how warm the nest is, with warmer nests hatching sooner. The baby turtles weigh 1.5 ounces when they hatch and carry undigested yolk, which will nourish them during their initial time at sea. Flatback turtle nest and hatchling predators include saltwater crocodiles, lizards, birds, and crabs. Once they reach the ocean, hatchlings do not go into deeper waters like other sea turtle species but stay in shallow waters along the coast. Conservation The flatback turtle is listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN RedList, and vulnerable under the Australian Environment Protection Biodiversity Conservation Act. Threats include harvesting for eggs, bycatch in fisheries, nest and hatchling predation, entanglement in or ingestion of marine debris and habitat destruction and pollution. References and Further Information Australian Government. EPBC Act List of Threatened Fauna.IUCN Marine Turtle Specialist Group. Flatback Turtle: Natator depressus .Red List Standards Petitions Subcommittee 1996. Natator depressus.  IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.Spotila, James R. Sea Turtles: A Complete Guide to Their Biology, Behavior and Conservation 2004. The Johns Hopkins University Press.SWOT. State of the Worlds Sea Turtles.Waller, Geoffrey, ed. SeaLife: A Complete Guide to the Marine Environment. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C. 1996.